The EU as a Normative Power and the Research on External Perceptions: the Missing Link

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • pub10

    Final published version, 154 KB, PDF document

In research on European foreign policy two important axes of debate have been running relatively independently of each other for more than a decade: the study of the European Union as a normative power (NPE) and the study of external perceptions of the EU. However, the studies of external perception offer some findings that are central for the NPE debate. This article’s argument is that the external perceptions literature points to a limited (if still identifiable) perception of the EU as a normative power depending on the geographical area. By comparison, the image of a powerful economic actor is prevalent. The article raises the question of whether the thin and geographically varied character of the perceptions relating to the EU as a normative power justifies the general designation of NPE.Anew agenda focusing on geographical differences and interaction with other sources of power is outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalJournal of Common Market Studies
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)896-910
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014

Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and

No data available

ID: 52676762