Health Care Systems
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Book chapter › Research › peer-review
A health care system is a conglomeration of institutions, organizations, ideas, practices, and social relationships that aims at improving human health. Initially, anthropological studies of health care systems focused on descriptions of medical traditions and ethnomedicine. Later, the division between personalistic and naturalistic systems and the coexistence of various medical traditions (medical pluralism) were studied. Arthur Kleinman's approach, emphasizing that health care systems are both social and cultural systems, has had an enormous impact in medical anthropology (and beyond). Since the beginning of the twenty‐first century, notions of biological citizenship and therapeutic citizenship have been important in analyses of health care systems, where links between individual citizens and the state are examined. In contemporary studies of global health, critical and engaged questions about access to health care, inequality, the impact of new medical technologies, and the quality of public and private health care services are included in anthropological analyses of health care systems.
|Title of host publication||International Encyclopedia of Anthropology|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Faculty of Social Sciences