Academic staff – University of Copenhagen

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Gary John Schaub Jr

Gary John Schaub Jr

Senior researcher

Defense and national security expert located in Copenhagen, Denmark. As a tenured Senior Researcher at the Centre for Military Studies of the University of Copenhagen, my colleagues and I conduct research-based consultancy work for the Danish Ministry of Defence and the Defence Committee of Parliament as well as scholarly research on international security issues.

Schaub previously had been an Assistant Professor of Strategy and Leadership at the U.S. Air War College, a Research Fellow at the U.S. Air Force's Research Institute, a Visiting Assistant Professor at the U.S. Air Force's School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, and a Lecturer in History at Chatham College.

Schaub's research at the University of Copenhagen since 2012 has been primarily dictated by the topics requested by the Danish Ministry of Defence.  He has authored or contributed to reports and projects on the Royal Danish Air Force's experience with the F-16 fighter jet; the transformation of European airpower; the development and integration of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or "drones") into the Danish, French, British, Canadian, and American militaries; the arms control architecture of Eurasia; the interests of Asian countries in the Arctic; cooperation between international organizations in complex emergencies in east Africa; multinational military education; multinational procurement of military hardware; and the demographics of the Danish armed forces.

Beyond these research-based consultancy services, Schaub has conducted research into the state's loss of its monopoly over the legitimate use of force by editing a collection of essays on private military and security contractors (to be published by Rowman & Littlefield in 2016), assessing state actor intentions within deterrence theory, and the demographics of the American military.

He has also been consulted by the US Office fo the Secretary of Defense with regard to professional military education.

His research agenda prior to arriving in Copenhagen centered on military strategy, nuclear weapons, civil-military relations, and American defense policy.

Schaub holds a Ph.D. in Public and international Affiars from the University of Pittsburgh, a Masters of Arts in Political Science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and a Bachelor of Science in Applied History and Policy & Management from Carnegie Mellon University.

Primary fields of research

  • Danish Defence Policy
  • Interstate Coercion (Compellence, Deterrence)   
  • Civil–Military Relations
  • Strategy   
  • Military Sociology
  • Nuclear Weapons Issues  
  • Organization Theory
  • U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy  
  • Human Decision Making
  • International Relations Theory 
  • Research Design and Methodology
  • European Security Issues  
  • Public Policy Analysis


Courses Taught

• University of Copenhagen
- Civil-Military Relations: The State and Organized Violence (PhD-level)

•  Air War College Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, USA
- DES 6400: Foundations of Strategy (Masters-level)
- DES 6464: Coercive Airpower/Bombing to Win/Strategies of Coercion (Masters-level)
- DEL 6260: Civil-Military Relations & Senior Leadership (Masters-level)

•  School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL USA
- SAASS 601: Decision-Making: Rhetoric, Analysis, and Strategy (Masters-level)
- SAASS 632: Air Power, Coercion, and National Security (Masters-level)
- SAASS 670: Contemporary Defense Policies (Masters-level)

•  Department of History, Chatham College, Pittsburgh, PA USA
- History 226: The Cold War (Upper-level Undergraduate Seminar)

Selected publications

  1. Published

    Learning from the F-16

    Schaub Jr, G. J. 2015

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewPaper

  2. Published

    JUSTAS for all?: Innovation and UAVs in the Canadian forces

    Schaub Jr, G. J. 5 Jun 2015 In : Defence Studies.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  3. Published

    But who's flying the plane?: Integrating UAVs into the Canadian and Danish armed forces

    Schaub Jr, G. J. & Kristensen, K. S. 20 Feb 2015 In : International Journal. 70, 2, p. 250-267 17 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  4. Unit Cohesion and the Impact of DADT

    Schaub Jr, G. J. Sep 2010 In : Strategic Studies Quarterly. 4, 3

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  5. Civilian Combatants, Military Professionals?: American Officer Judgments

    Schaub Jr, G. J. Sep 2010 In : Defence Studies. 10, 3

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  6. Contractors as Military Professionals?

    Schaub Jr, G. J. & Franke, V. Jan 2010 In : Parameters - Journal of the United States Army War College. 39, 4, p. 88-104 17 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  7. Published

    Who Serves? The American All-Volunteer Force

    Schaub Jr, G. J. & Lowther, A. Mar 2012 Civil-Military Relations in Perspective: Strategy, Structure and Policy . Cimbala, S. (ed.). London: Ashgate, Ch. 7, p. 115-138 24 p.

    Publication: ResearchBook chapter

  8. Are Rogue Regimes Deterrable?

    Schaub Jr, G. J. Dec 2012 Deterrence in the 21st Century: Rising Powers, Rogue Regimes, and Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. London: Palgrave Macmillan

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewBook chapter

  9. When is Deterrence Necessary?: Gauging Adversary Intent

    Schaub Jr, G. J. Dec 2009 In : Strategic Studies Quarterly. 3, 4

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  10. Deterrence, Compellence, and Prospect Theory

    Schaub Jr, G. J. Jun 2004 In : Political Psychology. 25, 2, p. 389-411

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  11. Compellence: Resuscitating the Concept

    Schaub Jr, G. J. 1998 Strategic Coercion: Concepts and Cases. Freedman, L. (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewBook chapter

  12. Remembrance of Things Past: The Enduring Value of Nuclear Weapons

    Schaub Jr, G. J., Forsyth, J. & Saltzman, B. Mar 2010 In : Strategic Studies Quarterly. 4, 1

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  13. An Arsenal We Can All Live With

    Schaub Jr, G. J. 24 May 2010 New York Times

    Publication: CommunicationComment/debate

  14. Really Soft Power

    Schaub Jr, G. J. 27 Jan 2009 New York Times

    Publication: CommunicationComment/debate

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