Academic staff – University of Copenhagen

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Marlene Wind

Marlene Wind


Primary fields of research

  • The relationship between law and politics within the European Union
  • The architecture and treaties of the EU – including analysis of a two (or more) speed Union, opt-out etc.
  • The increased importance of national and international courts in international relations
  • Europeanization including member states implementation of EU Law/decisions
  • Human rights and legal globalization
  • Theories of European integration
  • The link between concepts of democracy and the acceptance of supranational regulation
  • EU’s internal market and the freedom of movement including the right of citizenship and the Schengen Agreement
  • The EU’s immigration policy and the consequences for Denmark of our opt-out in Justice and Home Affairs.
  • The economic crisis and national interest of the member states


Marlene Wind is professor and the director of Centre for European Politics. Her research is among other things focused on the institutional changes and treaties of the European Union including Danish EU policymaking and the Danish opt-outs.  Her research emphasis has in recent years been on the interplay between law and politics in the European Union but also on politics and law from a more theoretical point of view. Which types of democracy are more prone to supranational regulation and how should the division of labour be between courts and parliaments in a democracy? Furthermore, her research has also focused on the role of national courts in the European integration process as well as the role of the ECJ. The tension between national sovereignty and supranational law was also in focus in her PhD from The European University Institute (EUI) in Florence. In addition, Marlene Wind’s research has focused on the freedom of movement in particular citizenship and the implementation of the citizenship directive, the single market as well as the discussion of EU’s legitimacy. Does the EU suffer from a democratic deficit or should this matter be seen as a problem to be solved within the member states? In a forthcoming article ‘In Deliberation We Trust’ she – together with Julie Hassing Nielsen – challenges the common held proposition that people actually want to deliberate in an experimental study. More recently she has been working on national and European immigration policies and the barriers hindering the attraction of highly skilled workers.

In the past 5-6 years Wind has been focusing on how different forms of democracy affect the willingness to further integrate and cooperate in international institutions. Marlene Wind distinguishes between ‘majoritarian democracy’, as is well known from the Nordic countries such as Denmark and ‘constitutional democracy’, which is largely common in rest of Europe. According to Marlene Wind ‘majoritarian democracy’ is characterized by viewing the majority in   parliament as almost without limits and thus as the ultimate and most legitimate authority in society. In these types of democracy judicial review is more or less banned and supranational law and courts accordingly looked at with great suspicion.  In ‘constitutional democracies’ on the other hand, judicial review with the legislative power is considered a very important democratic prerequisite. Marlene Wind’s thesis is that ‘majoritarian democracy’ fits very badly with the kind of democracy we find within the EU and the rest of Europe. She accordingly argues that the incongruence between Nordic and European concepts of democracy may explain at least parts of the EU skepticism we find in these quarters.In 2012 Marlene Wind together with Professor Mikael Rask Madsen and Professor Henrik Palmer Olsen received 42 million Danish Kroner from the Danish National Research Foundation to establish the new Centre of Excellence iCourts (see The project will run over a time period of 6 years with the possibility of extension. Marlene Wind is managing the part of the project, which focuses on the national political legitimacy of international courts.

Finally, Marlene Wind participates actively in the Danish debate on EU matters and is often used as an EU-expert in various media. She is moreover an established columnist at the Danish national newspaper Politiken. Furthermore, Marlene Wind has received several prizes and acknowledgements for her ability to communicate with the wider public on European matter and also for her courage to engage in the sometimes sensitive debate on national sovereignty and European integration. She was also the first recipient of the prestigious ‘Tøger Seidenfaden prize’ handed over on 10 May 2012.

Current research

 Together with Professor Miguel Maduro (EUI) and Joseph Weiler (New York University), Marlene Wind is currently working on an anthology with the title 'The Transformation of Europe: 20 years on ". In addition, Marlene Wind is involved with two major research projects at the EUI (European University Institute in Florence). The one project is led by Marlene Wind together with Professor Bruno de Witte and Juan Antonio Mayoral Diaz-Asensio is focused on the cooperation between national courts and the European Court of Justice. The second project deals with the implementation of EU rules in the Member States and is among others chaired by Professor Hans Micklitz. Furthermore, Marlene Wind is working together with Silvia Adamo from the Faculty of Law (Copenhagen University) on a project concerned with the Europeanization of Danish immigration and with Julie Hassing Nielsen on an article on Trust and Deliberation in the EU.  Finally, Marlene Wind is working on a new book with the title ’The Rule of law or the rule of politics? Challenging political constitutionalism in Europe and beyond’.

Selected publications

  1. Published

    The Nordics, the EU and the Reluctance Towards Supranational Judicial Review

    Wind, M. 2010 In : Journal of Common Market Studies. 48, 4, p. 1039-1063 24 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  2. Published

    Who Is Afraid of European Constitutionalism?: The Nordic Distress with Judicial Review and Constitutional Democracy

    Wind, M. Dec 2014 In : iCourts Workingpaper. no.12 2014, 2246-4891, p. 1-20 20 p., 2246-4891

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  3. Published

    The Uneven Legal Push for Europe: Questioning Variation when National Courts go to Europe

    Wind, M., Martinsen, D. S. & Rotger, G. P. 2009 In : European Union Politics. 10, 1, p. 63-88 25 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  4. Published

    In Need of Juristocracy?: The silence of Denmark in the development of European Legal norms

    Wind, M. & Rytter, J. E. 2011 In : International Journal of Constitutional Law. 9, 2, p. 470-504 35 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  5. Published

    European Constitutionalism beyond the State

    Weiler, J. (ed.) & Wind, M. (ed.) 2003 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 244 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewBook

  6. Published

    Is Green better than Blue? The Danish JHA opt-out and the Unilateral attempt to attrack highly skilled labour

    Wind, M. & Adamo, S. 2015 In : European Journal of Migration and Law. 17, 15718166-12342085, p. 329-361 32 p., 17

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  7. Published

    Sovereignty and European Integration: Europe Towards a Post-Hobbesian Order

    Wind, M. 2001 London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 241 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewBook

  8. Published
  9. Published

    When Parliament Comes First - The Danish Concept of democracy Meets the European Union

    Wind, M. 2009 In : Nordisk Tidsskrift for Menneskerettigheter. 27, 2, p. 272-288 16 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  10. Published

    Denmark: It's European Dilemma

    Wind, M. Jun 2015 The European Union & the Member States. Zeff, E. E. & Pirro, E. B. (eds.). 3rd ed. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Ch. Part 2, chapt. 9, p. 151-169 18 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewBook chapter

  11. Published


    Wind, M. & Bischoff, C. Oct 2015 Routledge handbook of European elections. M. Viola, D. (ed.). Abingdon. Oxon; N.Y.: Routledge, Ch. Part II, Kap. 12, p. 267-288 22 p. (Routledge Handbooks).

    Publication: ResearchBook chapter

  12. Published

    Can Legal and Political Culture Explain the Successes and Failures of European Law Compliance?

    Wind, M. 2015 Oxford: Hart Publishing Pty Ltd.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewAnthology

  13. Published

    Post-national Citizenship in Europe: The EU as a Welfare Rights Generator?

    Wind, M. 2009 In : Columbia Journal of European Law. 15, 2, p. 239-264 25 p.

    Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  14. Published

    The European Union as a Polycentric Polity

    Wind, M. 2003 European Constitutionalism beyond the State. Weiler, J. & Wind, M. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 103-135

    Publication: ResearchBook chapter

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